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Stan Lee (born Stanley Martin Lieber, December 28, 1922) is an American comic book writer, editor, publisher, media producer, television host, actor, voice actor and former president and chairman of Marvel Comics.

In collaboration with several artists, most notably Jack Kirby and Steve Ditko, he co-created Spider-Man, the Hulk, the Fantastic Four, Iron Man, Thor, the X-Men, and many other fictional characters, introducing complex, naturalistic characters and a thoroughly shared universe into superhero comic books. In addition, he headed the first major successful challenge to the industry's censorship organization, the Comics Code Authority, and forced it to reform its policies. Lee subsequently led the expansion of Marvel Comics from a small division of a publishing house to a large multimedia corporation.

He was inducted into the comic book industry's Will Eisner Award Hall of Fame in 1994 and the Jack Kirby Hall of Fame in 1995.

Early lifeEdit

Stanley Martin Lieber was born in New York City on December 28, 1922,[1] in the apartment of his Romanian-born Jewish immigrant parents, Celia (née Solomon) and Jack Lieber, at the corner of West 98th Street and West End Avenue in Manhattan.[2][3] His father, trained as a dress cutter, worked only sporadically after the Great Depression,[2] and the family moved further uptown to Fort Washington Avenue,[4] in Washington Heights, Manhattan. When Lee was nearly 9, his only sibling, brother Larry Lieber, was born.[5] He said in 2006 that as a child he was influenced by books and movies, particularly those with Errol Flynn playing heroic roles.[6] By the time Lee was in his teens, the family was living in a one-bedroom apartment at 1720 University Avenue in The Bronx. Lee described it as "a third-floor apartment facing out back", with him and his brother sharing a bedroom and his parents using a foldout couch.[5]

Lee attended DeWitt Clinton High School in The Bronx.[7] In his youth, Lee enjoyed writing, and entertained dreams of one day writing The Great American Novel.[8] He has said that in his youth he worked such part-time jobs as writing obituaries for a news service and press releases for the National Tuberculosis Center; delivering sandwiches for the Jack May pharmacy to offices in Rockefeller Center; working as an office boy for a trouser manufacturer; ushering at the Rivoli Theater on Broadway;[9] and selling subscriptions to the New York Herald Tribune newspaper. He graduated high school early, at age 16½ in 1939, and joined the WPA Federal Theatre Project.[10]

CareerEdit

Early careerEdit

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With the help of his uncle Robbie Solomon,[11] Lee became an assistant in 1939 at the new Timely Comics division of pulp magazine and comic-book publisher Martin Goodman's company. Timely, by the 1960s, would evolve into Marvel Comics. Lee, whose cousin Jean[12] was Goodman's wife, was formally hired by Timely editor Joe Simon.Template:Refn

His duties were prosaic at first. "In those days [the artists] dipped the pen in ink, [so] I had to make sure the inkwells were filled", Lee recalled in 2009. "I went down and got them their lunch, I did proofreading, I erased the pencils from the finished pages for them".[13] Marshaling his childhood ambition to be a writer, young Stanley Lieber made his comic-book debut with the text filler "Captain America Foils the Traitor's Revenge" in Captain America Comics #3 (May 1941), using the pseudonym "Stan Lee",[14] which years later he would adopt as his legal name. Lee later explained in his autobiography and numerous other sources that he had intended to save his given name for more literary work. This initial story also introduced Captain America's trademark ricocheting shield-toss, which immediately became one of the character's signatures.[15]

He graduated from writing filler to actual comics with a backup feature, "'Headline' Hunter, Foreign Correspondent", two issues later. Lee's first superhero co-creation was the Destroyer, in Mystic Comics #6 (Aug 1941). Other characters he created during this period fans and historians call the Golden Age of comics include Jack Frost, debuting in USA Comics #1 (Aug. 1941), and Father Time, debuting in Captain America Comics #6 (Aug. 1941).[16]

When Simon and his creative partner Jack Kirby left late in 1941, following a dispute with Goodman, the 30-year-old publisher installed Lee, just under 19 years old, as interim editor.[17][18] The youngster showed a knack for the business that led him to remain as the comic-book division's editor-in-chief, as well as art director for much of that time, until 1972, when he would succeed Goodman as publisher.[19][20]

Lee entered the United States Army in early 1942 and served stateside in the Signal Corps, repairing telegraph poles and other communications equipment.[21] He was later transferred to the Training Film Division, where he worked writing manuals, training films, and slogans, and occasionally cartooning. His military classification, he says, was "playwright"; he adds that only nine men in the U.S. Army were given that title.[22] Vincent Fago, editor of Timely's "animation comics" section, which put out humor and funny animal comics, filled in until Lee returned from his World War II military service in 1945. Lee then lived in the rented top floor of a brownstone in the East 90s in Manhattan.[23]

He married Joan Clayton Boocock on December 5, 1947,[24] and in 1949, the couple bought a two-story, three-bedroom home at 1084 West Broadway in Woodmere, New York, on Long Island, living there through 1952.[25] By this time, the couple had daughter Joan Celia "J.C." Lee, born in 1950; another child, Jan Lee, died three days after delivery in 1953.[26] Lee by this time had bought a home at 226 Richards Lane in the Long Island town of Hewlett Harbor, New York, where he and his family lived from 1952 to 1980,[27] including the 1960s period when Lee and his artist collaborators would revolutionize comic books.

In the mid-1950s, by which time the company was now generally known as Atlas Comics, Lee wrote stories in a variety of genres including romance, Westerns, humor, science fiction, medieval adventure, horror and suspense. In the 1950s, Lee teamed up with his comic book colleague Dan DeCarlo to produce the syndicated newspaper strip, My Friend Irma, based on the radio comedy starring Marie Wilson.[28] By the end of the decade, Lee had become dissatisfied with his career and considered quitting the field.[29][30]

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Marvel revolutionEdit

In the late 1950s, DC Comics editor Julius Schwartz revived the superhero archetype and experienced a significant success with its updated version of the Flash, and later with super-team the Justice League of America. In response, publisher Martin Goodman assigned Lee to create a new superhero team. Lee's wife urged him to experiment with stories he preferred, since he was planning on changing careers and had nothing to lose.[29][30]

Lee acted on that advice, giving his superheroes a flawed humanity, a change from the ideal archetypes that were typically written for preteens. Before this, most superheroes were idealistically perfect people with no serious, lasting problems.[31] Lee introduced complex, naturalistic characters[32] who could have bad tempers, fits of melancholy, and vanity; they bickered amongst themselves, worried about paying their bills and impressing girlfriends, got bored or even were sometimes physically ill.

The first superhero group Lee and artist Jack Kirby created was the Fantastic Four. The team's immediate popularity[33] led Lee and Marvel's illustrators to produce a cavalcade of new titles. With Kirby primarily, Lee created the Hulk,[34] Thor,[35] Iron Man,[36] and the X-Men;[37] with Bill Everett, Daredevil;[38] and with Steve Ditko, Doctor Strange[39] and Marvel's most successful character, Spider-Man,[40] all of whom lived in a thoroughly shared universe.[41] Lee and Kirby gathered several of their newly created characters together into the team title The Avengers[42] and would revive characters from the 1940s such as the Sub-Mariner,[43] Captain America,[44] and Ka-Zar.[45]

Comics historian Peter Sanderson wrote that in the 1960s: Template:Quote

Lee's revolution extended beyond the characters and storylines to the way in which comic books engaged the readership and built a sense of community between fans and creators.[46] He introduced the practice of regularly including a credit panel on the splash page of each story, naming not just the writer and penciller but also the inker and letterer. Regular news about Marvel staff members and upcoming storylines was presented on the Bullpen Bulletins page, which (like the letter columns that appeared in each title) was written in a friendly, chatty style. Lee has said that his goal was for fans to think of the comics creators as friends, and considered it a mark of his success on this front that, at a time when letters to other comics publishers were typically addressed "Dear Editor", letters to Marvel addressed the creators by first name (e.g. "Dear Stan and Jack").[21] By 1967, the brand was well-enough ensconced in popular culture that a March 3 WBAI radio program with Lee and Kirby as guests was titled "Will Success Spoil Spiderman" [sic].[47]

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Throughout the 1960s, Lee scripted, art-directed and edited most of Marvel's series, moderated the letters pages, wrote a monthly column called "Stan's Soapbox", and wrote endless promotional copy, often signing off with his trademark motto, "Excelsior!" (which is also the New York state motto). To maintain his taxing workload, yet still meet deadlines, he used a system that was used previously by various comic-book studios, but due to Lee's success with it, became known as the "Marvel Method" or "Marvel style" of comic-book creation. Typically, Lee would brainstorm a story with the artist and then prepare a brief synopsis rather than a full script. Based on the synopsis, the artist would fill the allotted number of pages by determining and drawing the panel-to-panel storytelling. After the artist turned in penciled pages, Lee would write the word balloons and captions, and then oversee the lettering and coloring. In effect, the artists were co-plotters, whose collaborative first drafts Lee built upon.

Because of this system, the exact division of creative credits on Lee's comics has been disputed, especially in cases of comics drawn by Kirby and Ditko. Lee shares co-creator credit with Kirby and Ditko on, respectively, the Fantastic Four and Spider-Man feature film series.

Following Ditko's departure from Marvel in 1966, John Romita, Sr. became Lee's collaborator on The Amazing Spider-Man. Within a year, it overtook Fantastic Four to become the company's top seller.[48] Lee and Romita's stories focused as much on the social and college lives of the characters as they did on Spider-Man's adventures.[49] The stories became more topical, addressing issues such as the Vietnam War,[50] political elections,[51] and student activism.[52] Robbie Robertson, introduced in The Amazing Spider-Man #51 (Aug. 1967) was one of the first African-American characters in comics to play a serious supporting role.[53] In the Fantastic Four series, the lengthy run by Lee and Kirby produced many acclaimed storylines and characters that have become central to Marvel, including the Inhumans[54][55] and the Black Panther,[56] an African king who would be mainstream comics' first black superhero.[57] The story frequently cited as Lee and Kirby's finest achievement[58][59] is the three-part "Galactus Trilogy" that began in Fantastic Four #48 (March 1966), chronicling the arrival of Galactus, a cosmic giant who wanted to devour the planet, and his herald, the Silver Surfer.[60][61] Fantastic Four #48 was chosen as #24 in the 100 Greatest Marvels of All Time poll of Marvel's readers in 2001. Editor Robert Greenberger wrote in his introduction to the story that "As the fourth year of the Fantastic Four came to a close, Stan Lee and Jack Kirby seemed to be only warming up. In retrospect, it was perhaps the most fertile period of any monthly title during the Marvel Age."[62] Comics historian Les Daniels noted that "[t]he mystical and metaphysical elements that took over the saga were perfectly suited to the tastes of young readers in the 1960s", and Lee soon discovered that the story was a favorite on college campuses.[63] Lee and artist John Buscema launched The Silver Surfer series in August 1968.[64][65] Lee and Gene Colan created the Falcon, Marvel's first African-American superhero in Captain America #117 (Sept. 1969).[66]

In 1971, Lee indirectly helped reform the Comics Code.[67] The U. S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare had asked Lee to write a comic-book story about the dangers of drugs and Lee conceived a three-issue subplot in The Amazing Spider-Man #96–98 (cover-dated May–July 1971), in which Peter Parker's best friend becomes addicted to pills. The Comics Code Authority refused to grant its seal because the stories depicted drug use; the anti-drug context was considered irrelevant. With Goodman's cooperation and confident that the original government request would give him credibility, Lee had the story published without the seal. The comics sold well and Marvel won praise for its socially conscious efforts.[68] The CCA subsequently loosened the Code to permit negative depictions of drugs, among other new freedoms.[69][70]

Lee also supported using comic books to provide some measure of social commentary about the real world, often dealing with racism and bigotry. "Stan's Soapbox", besides promoting an upcoming comic book project, also addressed issues of discrimination, intolerance, or prejudice.[71][72]

In 1972, Lee stopped writing monthly comic books to assume the role of publisher. His final issue of The Amazing Spider-Man was #110 (July 1972)[73] and his last Fantastic Four was #125 (Aug. 1972).[74]

Later careerEdit

File:Stan Lee 1975 cropped.jpg

In later years, Lee became a figurehead and public face for Marvel Comics. He made appearances at comic book conventions around America, lecturing at colleges and participating in panel discussions. He owned a vacation home on Cutler Lane in Remsenburg, New York[75] and, from 1975 to 1980, a two-bedroom condominium on the 14th floor of 220 East 63rd Street in Manhattan.[76] Lee and John Romita, Sr. launched the Spider-Man newspaper comic strip on January 3, 1977.[77] Lee's final collaboration with Jack Kirby, The Silver Surfer: The Ultimate Cosmic Experience was published in 1978 as part of the Marvel Fireside Books series and is considered to be Marvel's first graphic novel.[78] Lee and John Buscema produced the first issue of The Savage She-Hulk (Feb. 1980) which introduced the female cousin of the Hulk[79] and crafted a Silver Surfer story for Epic Illustrated #1 (Spring 1980).[80] He moved to California in 1981 to develop Marvel's TV and movie properties. He has been an executive producer for, and has made cameo appearances in, Marvel film adaptations and other movies. He and his wife bought a home in West Hollywood, California previously owned by comedian Jack Benny's radio announcer, Don Wilson.[81] He occasionally returned to comic book writing with various Silver Surfer projects including a 1982 one-shot drawn by John Byrne,[82] the Judgment Day graphic novel illustrated by John Buscema,[83] the Parable limited series drawn by French artist Mœbius,[84] and The Enslavers graphic novel with Keith Pollard.[85] Lee was briefly president of the entire company, but soon stepped down to become publisher instead, finding that being president was too much about numbers and finance and not enough about the creative process he enjoyed.[26]

Peter Paul and Lee began to start a new Internet-based superhero creation, production and marketing studio, Stan Lee Media, in 1998. It grew to 165 people and went public through a reverse merger structured by investment banker Stan Medley in 1999, but near the end of 2000, investigators discovered illegal stock manipulation by Paul and corporate officer Stephan Gordon.[86] Stan Lee Media filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in February 2001.[87] Paul was extradited to the U.S. from Brazil, and pleaded guilty to violating SEC Rule 10b-5 in connection with trading of his stock in Stan Lee Media.[88][89] Lee was never implicated in the scheme.

In the 2000s, Lee did his first work for DC Comics, launching the Just Imagine... series, in which Lee reimagined the DC superheroes Superman, Batman, Wonder Woman, Green Lantern and the Flash.[90]

In 2001, Lee, Gill Champion and Arthur Lieberman formed POW! (Purveyors of Wonder) Entertainment to develop film, television and video game properties. Lee created the risqué animated superhero series Stripperella for Spike TV. In 2004 POW Entertainment went public via another reverse merger structured again by investment banker Stan Medley. Also in 2004 Lee announced a superhero program that would feature Ringo Starr, the former Beatle, as the lead character.[91] Additionally, in August of that year, Lee announced the launch of Stan Lee's Sunday Comics,[92] hosted by Komikwerks.com, where monthly subscribers could read a new, updated comic and "Stan's Soapbox" every Sunday. The column has not been updated since February 15, 2005.

In 2006, Marvel commemorated Lee's 65 years with the company by publishing a series of one-shot comics starring Lee himself meeting and interacting with many of his co-creations, including Spider-Man, Doctor Strange, the Thing, Silver Surfer and Doctor Doom. These comics also featured short pieces by such comics creators as Joss Whedon and Fred Hembeck, as well as reprints of classic Lee-written adventures.[93]

On March 15, 2007, Stan Lee Media's new president, Jim Nesfield, filed a lawsuit against Marvel Entertainment for $5 billion, claiming that the company is co-owner of the characters that Lee created for Marvel.[94] On June 9, 2007, Stan Lee Media sued Lee; his newer company, POW! Entertainment; POW! subsidiary QED Entertainment; and other former Stan Lee Media staff at POW![95]

At the 2007 Comic-Con International, Marvel Legends introduced a Stan Lee action figure. The body beneath the figure's removable cloth wardrobe is a re-used mold of a previously released Spider-Man action figure, with minor changes.[96]

In 2008, Lee wrote humorous captions for the political fumetti book Stan Lee Presents Election Daze: What Are They Really Saying?.[97] In April of that year, Viz Media announced that Lee and Hiroyuki Takei were collaborating on the manga Karakuridôji Ultimo, from parent company Shueisha.[98] That same month, Brighton Partners and Rainmaker Animation announced a partnership POW! to produce a CGI film series, Legion of 5.[99] That same month, Virgin Comics announced Lee would create a line of superhero comics for that company.[100] He is also working on a TV adaptation of the novel Hero.[101] He wrote the foreword to the 2010 non-fiction e-book memoir Skyscraperman by skyscraper fire-safety advocate Dan Goodwin, who had climbed skyscrapers dressed as Spider-Man.[102]

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In 2009, he and the Japanese company Bones produced its first manga feature, Heroman, serialized in Square Enix's Monthly Shōnen Gangan; the feature was adapted to anime in April 2010.[103][104]

In October 2010, Lee's SLG Entertainment partnered with Guardian Media Entertainment on The Guardian Project to create superhero mascots for the National Hockey League.[105]

In August 2011, Lee announced his support for the Eagle Initiative, a program to find new talent in the comic book field.[106]

In 2011, Lee was writing a live-action musical, The Yin and Yang Battle of Tao.[107] In October, Lee announced he would partner with 1821 Comics on a multimedia imprint for children, Stan Lee's Kids Universe, a move he said addressed the lack of comic books targeted for that demographic; and that he was collaborating with the company on its futuristic graphic novel Romeo & Juliet: The War, by writer Max Work and artist Skan Srisuwan.[108][109]

In April 2012, Lee announced his partnership with Regina Carpinelli, the founder and CEO of Comikaze Expo.[110] Comikaze Expo, Los Angeles' largest comic book convention, was rebranded as Stan Lee's Comikaze Presented by POW! Entertainment.[111]

At the 2012 San Diego Comic-Con International, Lee announced his new YouTube channel, Stan Lee's World of Heroes, which airs several programs created by Lee and other creators, including Mark Hamill, Peter David, Adrianne Curry, and Bonnie Burton.[112][113][114][115]

It was announced in February 2013 that one of Lee's recently created characters, the Annihilator, a Chinese prisoner-turned-superhero named Ming, would be adapted into a film written by Dan Gilroy and produced by Barry Josephson.[116][117][118]

Lee is among the interview subjects in Superheroes: A Never-Ending Battle, a three-hour documentary narrated by Liev Schreiber which premiered on PBS in October 2013.[119]

Disney Publishing announced in November 2013 that Lee would write a book, Zodiac, with Stuart Moore.[120]

Charity workEdit

The Stan Lee Foundation was founded in 2010 to focus on literacy, education and the arts. Its stated goals include supporting programs and ideas that improve access to literacy resources, as well as promoting diversity, national literacy, culture and the arts.[121]

Stan Lee has donated portions of his personal effects to the University of Wyoming at various times, between 1981 and 2001.[122]

Fictional portrayalsEdit

Script error

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Stan Lee and his collaborator Jack Kirby appear as themselves in The Fantastic Four #10 (Jan. 1963), the first of several appearances within the fictional Marvel Universe.[1] The two are depicted as similar to their real-world counterparts, creating comic books based on the "real" adventures of the Fantastic Four.

Lee was parodied by Kirby in comics published by rival DC Comics as Funky Flashman.[2] Kirby later portrayed himself, Lee, production executive Sol Brodsky, and Lee's secretary Flo Steinberg as superheroes in What If #11 (Oct. 1978), "What If the Marvel Bullpen Had Become the Fantastic Four?", in which Lee played the part of Mister Fantastic. Lee has also made numerous cameo appearances in many Marvel titles, appearing in audiences and crowds at many characters' ceremonies and parties, and hosting an old-soldiers reunion in Sgt. Fury and his Howling Commandos #100 (July 1972). Lee appeared, unnamed, as the priest at Luke Cage and Jessica Jones' wedding in New Avengers Annual #1 (June 2006). He pays his respects to Karen Page at her funeral in Daredevil vol. 2, #8 (June 1998), and appears in The Amazing Spider-Man #169 (June 1977).

In 1994, artist Alex Ross rendered Lee as a bar patron on page 44 of Marvels #3.[3]

In Marvel's "Flashback" series of titles cover-dated July 1997, a top-hatted caricature of Lee as a ringmaster introduced stories that detailed events in Marvel characters' lives before they became superheroes, in special "-1" editions of many Marvel titles. The "ringmaster" depiction of Lee was originally from Generation X #17 (July 1996), where the character narrated a story set primarily in an abandoned circus. Though the story itself was written by Scott Lobdell, the narration by "Ringmaster Stan" was written by Lee, and the character was drawn in that issue by Chris Bachalo.

Lee and other comics creators are mentioned on page 479 of Michael Chabon's 2000 novel about the comics industry The Amazing Adventures of Kavalier and Clay. Chabon also acknowledges a debt to Lee and other creators on the book's Author's Note page.

On one of the last pages of Truth: Red, White & Black, Lee appears in a real photograph among other celebrities on a wall of the Bradley home.[4] Under his given name of Stanley Lieber, Stan Lee appears briefly in Paul Malmont's 2006 novel The Chinatown Death Cloud Peril.[5]

In Stan Lee Meets Superheroes, which Lee wrote, he comes into contact with some of his favorite creations.[6] Stan Lee and Jack Kirby appear as professors in Marvel Adventures Spider-Man #19.

In Lavie Tidhar's 2013 The Violent Century, Lee appears – under his birth name of "Stanley Martin Lieber" – as a historian of superhumans.[7]

Film and television appearancesEdit

Marvel televisionEdit

AnimationEdit

File:Fantastic1.jpg
  • One of Lee's earliest contributions to animation based on Marvel properties was narrating the 1980s Incredible Hulk animated series, always beginning his narration with a self-introduction and ending with "This is Stan Lee saying, Excelsior!" Lee had previously narrated the "Seven Little Superheroes" episode of Spider-Man and His Amazing Friends, which the Hulk series was paired with for broadcast.
  • Lee did the narration for the original 1989 X-Men animated series pilot titled X-Men: Pryde of the X-Men.
  • Lee was an executive producer of the 1990s animated TV series Spider-Man. He appeared as himself in animated form in the series finale episode titled "Farewell, Spider-Man". Spider-Man is transported by Madame Web into the "real" world where he is a fictional character. He meets Lee and the two swing around until Spider-Man drops him off on top of a building; Madame Web appears and brings Spider-Man back to his homeworld. Realizing he is stuck on a roof, Lee muses, hoping the Fantastic Four will show up and lend a hand.
  • He also voices the character "Frank Elson" in an episode of Spider-Man: The New Animated Series series broadcast by MTV in 2003, titled "Mind Games" (Parts 1 and 2, originally aired on August 15 and 22, 2003).
  • He voiced a loading dock worker named Stan on The Spectacular Spider-Man in the episode "Blueprints".
  • In several episodes of The Super Hero Squad Show, Lee voices the Mayor of Super Hero City.
  • Lee has appeared in episodes of the Disney XD TV series Ultimate Spider-Man as a high school janitor named Stan, in which he makes references to Lee's real-life career. In the pilot "Great Power" and the episode "Why I Hate Gym", he mentions Irving Forbush, a character Lee co-created in 1955 as a literary device.[8][8] Stan the Janitor also appears in Episode 18, "Out of Damage Control", as a part-time worker for Damage Control.[9] In the episode "Stan By Me", he, along with Mary Jane Watson, Agent/Principal Coulson, and Harry Osborn, helped Spider-Man fight the Lizard. At the end of the episode it is revealed that Lee's character is secretly a top S.H.I.E.L.D. agent and is aware of Peter Parker's secret identity as Spider-Man.[10]

Live-actionEdit

Marvel filmsEdit

Lee has had cameo appearances in many films based on Marvel characters that he created or co-created:

  • In X-Men (2000), Lee appears as a hotdog stand vendor on the beach when Senator Kelly emerges naked onshore after escaping from Magneto.
  • In Spider-Man (2002), he appeared during Spider-Man's first battle with the Green Goblin, pulling a little girl away from falling debris. In the DVD's deleted scenes, Lee plays a street vendor who tries to sell Peter Parker a pair of sunglasses "just like the X-Men wear."
  • In Daredevil (2003), as a child, Matt Murdock stops Lee from crossing the street and getting hit by a bus.
  • In Hulk (2003), he appears walking alongside former TV-series Hulk Lou Ferrigno in an early scene, both as security guards at Bruce Banner's lab. It was his first speaking role in a film based on one of his characters.
  • In Spider-Man 2 (2004), Lee pulls an innocent person away from danger during Spider-Man's first battle with Doctor Octopus. In a deleted scene that appears as an extra on the film's DVD release, Lee has another cameo, saying, "Look, Spider-Man stole that child's sneakers."
  • In X-Men: The Last Stand (2006), Lee and Chris Claremont appear as two of Jean Grey's neighbors in the opening scenes set 20 years ago. Lee, credited as "Waterhose Man," is watering the lawn when Jean telekinetically redirects the water from the hose into the air.
  • In Spider-Man 3 (2007), Lee appears in a credited role as "Man in Times Square". He stands next to Peter Parker, both of them reading a news bulletin about Spider-Man, and commenting to Peter that, "You know, I guess one person can make a difference". He then says his catchphrase, "'Nuff said."
  • In Fantastic Four: Rise of the Silver Surfer (2007), Lee appears as himself at Reed Richards' and Susan Storm's first wedding, being turned away by a security guard for not being on the guest list. In Fantastic Four Annual #3 (1965), in which the couple married, Lee and Jack Kirby are similarly turned away.
  • In Iron Man (2008), Lee (credited as "Himself") appears at a gala cavorting with three blondes, where Tony Stark mistakes him for Hugh Hefner.[12] In the theatrical release of the film, Stark simply greets Lee as "Hef" and moves on; another version of the scene was filmed where Stark realizes his mistake, but Lee graciously responds, "That's okay, I get this all the time."[13]
  • In The Incredible Hulk (2008), Lee appears as a hapless citizen who accidentally ingests a soft drink mixed with Bruce Banner's blood, subsequently dropping it and leading to the discovery of Dr. Banner's location in a bottling plant in Brazil.
  • In Iron Man 2 (2010), during the Stark Expo, Lee, wearing suspenders and a red shirt and black and purple tie, is greeted by Tony Stark as "Larry King".
  • In Thor (2011), Lee appears among many people at the site where Thor's hammer Mjolnir lands on earth. He tears the bed off his pickup truck in an attempt to pull Mjolnir out of the ground with a chain and causes everyone in the scene to laugh by asking, "Did it work?".
  • In Captain America: The First Avenger (2011), this time portraying a general in World War II, who mistakes another man for Captain America/Steve Rogers, commenting, "I thought he'd be taller." This film is an exception considering Lee had nothing to do with the basic creation of the title character. However, Lee began his writing career in the character's original series where he created the idea of Captain America using his shield as a throwing weapon. Furthermore, he was responsible for reviving the character in the Silver Age of Comic Books and co-wrote most of the character's stories in The Avengers and his solo stories in that period.
  • In The Avengers (2012), Lee makes a cameo appearance as a random citizen in the park asked about the Avengers saving Manhattan. Lee's character responds, "Superheroes in New York? Give me a break", and then returns to his game of chess.[14] He also appears in a deleted scene, apparently as the same character: when a waitress flirts with Steve Rogers, he says to him, "Ask for her number, you moron!"[15]
  • In The Amazing Spider-Man (2012), Lee makes a cameo as a librarian at Midtown Science High School, comically oblivious to the fight between Spider-Man and the Lizard happening behind him (a table nearly hits him as well) due to the fact that he is listening to classical music. He walks out of the library as the fight continues.[16]
  • In Iron Man 3 (2013), Lee makes a cameo as the beauty pageant judge that appears on a television monitor and happily gives one of the contestants a 10.[17]
  • In Thor: The Dark World (2013), Lee appears as a mental ward patient who loans his shoe to Erik Selvig for a demonstration about "the Convergence" in his delusions. When Selvig finishes and asks if anyone has questions, Lee says, "Uh, yes. Can I have my shoe back"?[18]
  • Lee has confirmed he will have a role in Guardians of the Galaxy (2014), saying he didn't understand the context of the scene but that it had to do with a "very pretty girl".[19] With the exception of Groot, Lee did not have a hand in the creation of the Guardians of the Galaxy.

Warner Bros./DC propertiesEdit

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In the original February 7, 1998, broadcast airing of the Superman: The Animated Series episode "Apokolips... Now! Part 2" on the Kids' WB programming block, an animated Stan Lee was visible mourning the death of Daniel "Terrible" Turpin, a character based on his longtime Marvel Comics collaborator Jack Kirby. This shot was later modified to remove the likeness of Lee and other of background Marvel characters when the episode was released on DVD.[20][21]

Other film, TV, and videoEdit

  • In the 1990s, Lee hosted the documentary series The Comic Book Greats and interviewed notable comic book creators such as Chris Claremont, Jim Lee, Todd McFarlane, Rob Liefeld and Whilce Portacio.
  • Lee has an extensive cameo in the 1995 Kevin Smith film Mallrats. He plays himself, this time visiting the mall to sign books at a comic store. Later, he takes on the role of a sage-like character, giving Jason Lee's character, Brodie Bruce (a longtime fan of Stan's), advice on his love life. He also recorded interviews with Smith for the non-fiction video Stan Lee's Mutants, Monsters, and Marvels (2002).
  • Lee is the host of the 2010 History Channel documentary series Stan Lee's Superhumans.
  • Lee makes a cameo appearance as the "Three Stooges Wedding Guest" in the 2004 Disney film The Princess Diaries 2: Royal Engagement.
  • Lee hosted and judged contestants in the SyFy series Who Wants to Be a Superhero?
  • Lee appears with director Kevin Smith and 2000s Marvel editor-in-chief Joe Quesada in the DVD program Marvel Then & Now: An Evening with Stan Lee and Joe Quesada, hosted by Kevin Smith.
  • Lee was interviewed on the History Channel show Superhuman by Daniel Browning Smith, who held several Guinness Records for extreme flexibility[22] due to having Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, a genetic condition affecting collagen formation. Smith had created his own comic book to display his own struggles as an outcast for his flexibility, and legitimately surprised Lee with a quick demonstration of his talent.
  • In the animated series Jim Henson's Muppet Babies, Lee plays himself in a live-action scene of the "Comic Capers" episode.
  • Lee appeared as himself in an extended self-parodying sketch on the episode "Tapping a Hero" of Robot Chicken.
  • Lee appears as himself in writer-director Larry Cohen's The Ambulance (1990), in which Eric Roberts plays an aspiring comics artist.
  • In "I Am Furious (Yellow)", the April 28, 2002, episode of The Simpsons, Lee voices the animated Stan Lee, who is a prolonged visitor to Comic Book Guy's store. He asks if Comic Book Guy is the stalker of Lynda Carter – the star of the 1970s show Wonder Woman – and shows signs of dementia, such as breaking a customer's toy Batmobile by trying to cram a Thing action figure into it (claiming that he "made it better"), hiding DC comics behind Marvel comics, and believing that he is the Hulk (and fails trying to become the Hulk, while Comic Book Guy comments he couldn't even change into Bill Bixby). Lee also appeared on the commentary track along with other Simpsons writers and directors on the episode for The Simpsons Season 13 box set released in 2010. In a later Simpsons episode, "Worst Episode Ever", Lee's picture is seen next to several others on the wall behind the register, under the heading "Banned for life". Lee later officiated Comic Book Guy's wedding to a lovely manga artist in "Married to the Blob".
  • Lee appears as himself in the Mark Hamill-directed Comic Book: The Movie (2004), a direct-to-video mockumentary primarily filmed at the 2002 San Diego Comic-Con.
  • Lee made an appearance on December 21, 2006, on the NBC game show Identity.
  • Lee appeared as himself in "The Excelsior Acquisition", a third season episode of The Big Bang Theory, in March 2010.[23] He appears at the front door of his house wearing Fantastic Four pajamas, ultimately calling back into the house, "Joanie, call the police!" to get rid of Sheldon, who showed up after missing a comic book signing at the local store.
  • He plays a bus driver in the 16th episode of the first season of Heroes.[24]
  • Lee made a guest appearance as himself in "Bottom's Up", a season seven episode of the TV series Entourage.
  • He guest-starred as Dr. Lee (aka: Generalissimo) in "Glimpse", a season four episode of Eureka that aired in July 2011.[25]
  • Lee appears in "The Guardian", the October 7, 2010, episode of Nikita, as Hank Excelsior, a witness to a bank robbery who is interviewed by a TV reporter.
  • Lee was interviewed in the 2011 documentary Superheroes.
  • Lee is scheduled to appear on X Japan's music video "Born to be Free".[26]
  • Lee portrayed himself at a CIA holiday party in the fifth season of Chuck, in which it is revealed in that universe he secretly works for the government and has a romantic interest in General Beckman.
  • Stan Lee appeared in the eleventh episode of season five of The Guild, in which he was captured at a convention by the character Zaboo's Master Chief cosplaying henchmen.[27]
  • Stan Lee lent his voice to "The Amazing Man-Spider", a segment of the May 13, 2013 episode of the satirical animated TV series MAD. The segment depicts the story of what happened to the radioactive spider that bit Peter Parker.[28]
  • Stan Lee portrayed a future version of Tony Stark in "Episode 205 – The Future!" of the comedy web series Avengers Assemble!. In this episode, he delivered from the future a cryptic message to the rest of his fellow Avengers, but constantly frustrated his companions due to his ineptness with the technology of his future era.[29]
  • He was the subject of an April 2012 Epix cable-network documentary, "With Great Power: The Stan Lee Story.”[30]
  • Lee appeared as a judge in the second season premiere of the web series Video Game High School.[31]
  • In the Phineas and Ferb crossover special, Mission Marvel, Lee cameos as a New York City hot dog vendor.[32]
  • Lee's Chakra the Invincible will premier on Rovio Entertainment's ToonsTV channel sometime in 2014.[33]

Video games and applicationsEdit

Personal lifeEdit

Lee's favorite authors include Stephen King, H. G. Wells, Mark Twain, Arthur Conan Doyle, William Shakespeare, Charles Dickens, and Harlan Ellison.[42] As a child, he read the Bible because he enjoyed the phraseology.[43] He is also a fan of the films of Bruce Lee.[44]

Lee was raised in a Jewish family. In a 2002 survey of whether he believes in God, he stated, "Well, let me put it this way... [Pauses.] No, I'm not going to try to be clever. I really don't know. I just don't know."[45]

In late September 2012, Lee underwent a surgical operation to insert a pacemaker into his body, cancelling planned appearances at conventions.[46][47]

FilmographyEdit

FilmEdit

Year Film Role Notes
1989 The Trial of the Incredible Hulk Jury Foreman TV movie
1990 The Ambulance Himself Cameo
1995 Mallrats Himself Cameo
2000 X-Men Hotdog Stand Vendor Cameo
Citizen Toxie: The Toxic Avenger IV Narrator (voice)
The Adventures of Cinderella's Daughter Priest
2002 Spider-Man Man Saving Girl Cameo
2003 Daredevil Man Crossing Street Cameo
Hulk Security Guard Cameo
2004 Spider-Man 2 Man Saving Innocent Person Cameo
Comic Book: The Movie Himself Cameo
The Princess Diaries 2: Royal Engagement Three Stooges Wedding Guest
2005 Fantastic Four Willie Lumpkin Cameo
Conflict Trevor Short film
2006 X-Men: The Last Stand Waterhose Man Cameo
2007 Spider-Man 3 Man in Times Square Cameo
Fantastic Four: Rise of the Silver Surfer Himself Cameo
Mosaic Stanley
The Condor Grandfather
2008 Iron Man Himself (Hugh Hefner) Cameo
The Incredible Hulk Hapless Citizen Cameo
2010 Iron Man 2 Himself (Larry King) Cameo
2011 Thor Pickup Truck Driver Cameo
Captain America: The First Avenger General Cameo
2012 The Avengers Random Citizen Cameo
The Amazing Spider-Man Librarian Cameo
2013 Iron Man 3 Beauty Pageant Judge Cameo
Thor: The Dark World Mental Ward Patient (credited as "Himself") Cameo
2014 Captain America: The Winter Soldier[48] Smithsonian Guard Cameo
The Amazing Spider-Man 2[49] Graduation Guest Cameo

TelevisionEdit

Year Series Role Notes
1981–1983 Spider-Man and His Amazing Friends Narrator (voice) 15 episodes; Also Executive producer
1982–1983 The Incredible Hulk Narrator (voice) 13 episodes; Also Executive producer
1989 X-Men: Pryde of the X-Men Himself/Narrator (voice) Episode: "Pilot"
Muppet Babies Himself (voice) Episode: "Comic Capers"
1991–1992 The Comic Book Greats Himself (host) 13 episodes; Also Creator, executive producer
1998 Spider-Man Himself (voice) Episode: "Spider Wars, Chapter 2: Farewell Spider-Man"; Also Executive producer
1994 Fantastic Four Himself (voice) 2 episodes; Also Executive producer
1997 The Incredible Hulk Cliff Walters (voice) Episode: "Down Memory Lane"; Also Executive producer
2002 The Simpsons Himself (voice) Episode: "I Am Furious"
2003 Spider-Man: The New Animated Series Frank Elson (voice) Episode: "Mind Games: Part 1"
Stripperella Jerry (voice) Episode: "Crime Doesn't Pay... Seriously, It Doesn't"; Also Creator, Executive producer
2003–2004 Madtv Himself 2 episodes
2006 Identity Himself Episode: "1.4"
2006–2007 Who Wants to Be a Superhero? Himself (host) 14 episodes; Also Creator, Executive Producer
2007–2013 Robot Chicken Himself (voice) 3 episodes
2007 Heroes Bus Driver Episode: "Unexpected"
2009 The Spectacular Spider-Man Stan (voice) Episode: "Blueprints"; Also Executive producer
2009–2011 The Super Hero Squad Show Mayor of Superhero City (voice) 12 episodes; Also Creator, executive producer
2010 Black Panther General Wallace (voice) Episode: "Pilot"
The Big Bang Theory Himself Episode: "The Excelsior Acquisition"
Entourage Himself Episode: "Bottoms Up"
Nikita Hank Excelsior Episode: "The Guardian"
2010–present Stan Lee's Superhumans Himself (co-host) Also Creator, Executive Producer
2011 Eureka Himself Episode: "Glimpse"
Chuck Himself Episode: "Chuck Versus the Santa Suit"
The Guild Himself Episode: "Costume Contest"
2012–present Ultimate Spider-Man Stan the Janitor (voice) Recurring Role
2013 Mad Bird Scientist, Papa Smurf, The Amazing Man-Spider Announcer (voice) Episode: "Papa / 1600 Finn"
Video Game High School Judge (voice) Episode: "Episode One"
Phineas and Ferb New York City Hot Dog Vendor (voice) Episode: "Phineas and Ferb: Mission Marvel"
Fangasm Himself[50] Episode: "Beam Me Up, Stan"
Lego Marvel Super Heroes: Maximum Overload Hot Dog Vendor (voice) Episode: "Assault, Off-Asgard!"
2013–present Hulk and the Agents of S.M.A.S.H. Stan the Salesman (voice) Recurring Role
2014 The Simpsons Himself (voice) Episode: "Married to the Blob"
Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. Debonair Gentleman Episode: "T.R.A.C.K.S."

Video gamesEdit

Year Video Game Voice
2000 Spider-Man Narrator
2001 Spider-Man 2: Enter Electro Narrator
2009 Marvel: Ultimate Alliance 2 Senator Lieber
Marvel Super Hero Squad Mayor of Superhero City
2010 Spider-Man: Shattered Dimensions Narrator
2012 The Amazing Spider-Man Himself
2013 Lego Marvel Super Heroes Himself
2014 The Amazing Spider-Man 2 Himself

Awards and nominationsEdit

Year Award Nominated work Result
1994 The Will Eisner Award Hall of Fame[51] Template:Won
1995 Jack Kirby Hall of Fame[52] Template:Won
2000 Burbank International Children's Film Festival Lifetime Achievement Award Template:Won
2002 Saturn Award The Life Career Award Template:Won
2003 Hugo Award Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation- Spider-Man Template:Nom
2005 Hugo Award Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation- Spider-Man 2 Template:Nom
2008 National Medal of Arts[53] Template:Won
2009 Hugo Award Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation- Iron Man Template:Nom
2009 USC Scripter Award Scripter Award- Iron Man Template:Nom
2009 Scream Awards[54] Comic-Con Icon Award Template:Won
2011 Hollywood Walk of Fame[55] Template:Won
2012 Savannah Film and Video Festival Lifetime Achievement Award Template:Won
2012 Visual Effects Society Awards Lifetime Achievement Award Template:Won
2012 Producers Guild of America[56] Vanguard Award Template:Won

BibliographyEdit

Lee's comics work includes:[58]

DCEdit

MarvelEdit

Simon & SchusterEdit

  • The Silver Surfer: The Ultimate Cosmic Experience, 114 pages, September 1978, ISBN 978-0671242251

OtherEdit

See alsoEdit

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ReferencesEdit

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  13. Iron Man Ultimate 2-Disc Edition DVD, disc 2, I Am Iron Man documentary
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  42. "Stan's Soapbox, Bullpen Bulletins", October 1998
  43. Frye, Caitlan. The Religion and Political Views of Stan Lee, The Hollowverse.
  44. "Stan's Soapbox, Bullpen Bulletins", October 2000
  45. Lee in Template:Cite news
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  59. "Spidey Sunday Spectacular" by Stan Lee and Marcos Martin at Grand Comics Database

NotesEdit

Further readingEdit

  • Lee, Stan, Origins of Marvel Comics (Simon and Schuster, 1974; Marvel Entertainment Group, 1997 reissue, ISBN 0-7851-0551-4)
  • McLaughlin, Jeff, ed. Stan Lee: Conversations (University Press of Mississippi, 2007), ISBN 978-1-57806-985-9
  • Ro, Ronin. Tales to Astonish: Jack Kirby, Stan Lee, and the American Comic Book Revolution (Bloomsbury USA, 2005 reissue) ISBN 1-58234-566-X
  • Raphael, Jordan, and Spurgeon, Tom. Stan Lee and the Rise and Fall of the American Comic Book (Chicago Review Press, 2003) ISBN 1-55652-506-0

External linksEdit

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Audio/video

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